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Lead Nitrate

Lead Nitrate is white or colorless crystals.

Environmental Data

The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment. In the food chain important to humans, bioaccumulation takes place, specifically in marine and terrestrial organism. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment because it persists in the environment.

Physical Properties

Melting point (decomposes)                   -          290°C
Relative density (water = 1)                  -          4.6
Solubility in water, g/100 ml at 20°C     -          52

Chemical Dangers

The substance decomposes on heating 290°C producing toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides and lead oxides. The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts violently with combustible and reducing materials. Reacts violently with ammonium thiocyanate, red hot carbon, lead hypophosphate.

Applications / Uses of Lead Nitrate


  • Lead Nitrate is used for match manufacturing and explosives.
  • Lead Nitrate is also an oxidizer in the dye industry.
  • Lead Nitrate also is used to process engraving and mordant in mother-of-pearl staining.
  • In the electron microscopy laboratory, Lead Nitrate is used as a metal stain for ultra-thin sections.
  • Lead Nitrate is used as medical astringent.
  • Lead Nitrate is also used for making fireworks, match, and other lead salts